• Health
    Simple home remedies for cellulitis treatment

    Cellulitis is an infection caused by the Staphylococcus and Streptococcus bacteria. It normally starts at the site of wounds but can appear anywhere in the skin. Previous bruises and cuts or insect bite wounds can trigger cellulitis. Generally, adults are infected in the lower legs and suffer from leg cellulitis, but infections have known to be found in arms and occasionally in the face too. Sometimes an already-existing infection like athlete’s foot can also lead to leg cellulitis.

    The infection starts with redness in the skin and swelling of the affected area. As it progresses, the affected site tends to become warm and soft or tender. Occasionally some develop fever and chills. In some cases, nausea and hardening of affected area have also been noticed.

    If the infection is mild the following home remedy can be useful to reduce pain

    • Using a warm compress once or twice with a clean piece of cloth
    • Soaking the infected area in lukewarm water
    • Avoiding any chemicals to come in contact with the affected area
    • Wearing comfortable and loose attire to avoid the irritation that comes due to contact with the infection

    Also if the infection is mild, the physician will recommend oral antibiotics for a course of 3 to 10 days depending on the intensity of infection. Once the medication is given, improvement will be seen in 1 or 2 days. If there are no signs of improvement, it is best to see the doctor again without any further adieu. Hospitalization and cellulitis treatment might become necessary. If left untreated, the infection is likely to spread to the lymph nodes of the skin and the bloodstream. Also, an unchecked infection can cause sepsis.

    If the patient does not respond to antibiotics and continues to have a fever, intravenous antibiotics will be administered in a hospital setting. Penicillin has been found to be the most commonly used and effective treatment for leg cellulitis. If the patient is obese or has high blood pressure, it is likely that the treatment might take longer. Patients are also taught to manage their wounds and take painkillers along with antibiotics.

    In all cases, the cellulitis treatment of the patient is based on the location, level of the infection, and the general health of the patient

  • Health
    Signs of essential tremors you should be aware of

    Involuntary, rhythmic movement or shaking is referred to as a tremor. A neurological disorder, essential tremors can occur anywhere in the human body, but most often affects the hands, arms, and fingers especially. Occasionally, even the tongue, neck, face, head, leg and trunk of the body are afflicted. Appearing initially in hand movements before spreading to the other parts, essential tremors are similar to Parkinson’s disease, but the two conditions are not the same. Essential tremors, however, can increase the chances of acquiring Parkinson’s. Research shows a connection between essential tremors and migraines too.

    Although the specific reason why essential tremors occur remains unknown, genetic mutation and exposure to toxins from consumption of meat and alcohol in excessive quantities seemingly are some of the major causes. There are not many signs that show up for essential tremors. But this condition can at first be recognized by the shaking of the hands while a person is eating, drinking or writing, or when the hands are extended during exercise or while doing chores. Essential tremors’ signs can also clearly be noticed when the affected person tries to work minutely with their hands as in the case of a tailor trying to thread a needle or a carpenter trying to mark a specific point with a nail. Essential tremors’ signs become severe when the person makes an effort to use the muscles that are affected. Also, fatigue, low blood sugar, and mental or physical stress can most certainly increase the seriousness of this neural condition.

    The more severe the condition becomes, the more difficult will it be for the person affected by essential tremors. The person finds it difficult to perform daily tasks of combing their hair, feeding themselves, walking straight, and so on without help. Also, the balance and gait of the person are affected and this unsteadiness causes injuries or falls more frequently. Since this neurological condition is progressive in nature, affected individuals might require round the clock assistance and care. A movement disorder, essential tremors can affect anyone from a newborn to an old person. Although this condition cannot be cured, it certainly can be treated. Depending on the severity of the essential tremors’ signs, a basic reduction in the consumption of alcohol and caffeine is suggested, along with advice to get proper sleep/rest. Medication, deep brain simulation and occupational therapy are some of the other treatment methods followed in controlling essential tremors.

  • Health
    All you need to know about essential tremors

    Essential tremor is a neurological condition that is often compared to Parkinson’s disease. Any involuntary, rhythmic muscle contraction that results in shaking of the hands mainly, or sometimes even other parts of the body is considered a tremor. The following are some common signs of essential tremors.

    • A rhythmic shaking of arms, hands, legs, head, vocal chords or torso
    • A difficulty with eating and drinking, and/or using the hands for any activity
    • Shaky voice
    • Unsteady gait and imbalance while standing or walking
    • Severe shaking set in motion with certain movements or in direct proportion to increasing stress

    Essential tremors are quite common and are a condition that can only be managed and not completely curable. Directly proportional to the increase in the use of the muscles that are affected, essential tremors can be noticed when a person has difficulty drinking from a glass, eating with their hands, when they try to hold and control the use of a pen, or any tool or instrument in their hands, or when they raise their hands upwards or stretch them away from the body while doing everyday chores like combing the hair, doing exercises, and so on. Occasionally, but not often, even the way the person moves or walks is affected. Essential tremors can affect anyone, irrespective of age, gender or occupation and can either be a sporadic occurrence or a continuous shaky movement. And, although the connection between essential tremors’ signs and other neurological conditions is not clear, one may lead to the other, especially in the cases of Parkinson’s and migraines.

    The most complex organ in the human body, the brain is affected in the person showing signs of essential tremors, and thus, their movements are not under their control. Heredity factors are seemingly the currently known main cause of essential tremors. Moreover, injury to the brain, excessive alcohol consumption, certain neurodegenerative diseases, stroke, and extreme physical and mental stress are some other factors that could cause essential tremors. While it may remain stable and mild for many years, essential tremors could also advance rapidly in some people. While essential tremors are not deadly on their own, they can be risky if the affected person falls or injures themselves due to the involuntary muscle movements that they have no control over. Hence, if the condition escalates, it is best for the person affected to be under supervision and protection of a caregiver.

  • Health
    Common symptoms of stomach cancer you should not ignore

    Stomach cancer is difficult to be diagnosed in its early stages. This happens because what is classified as early symptoms of stomach cancer are assumed to be due to less serious illnesses. Most patients ignore the symptoms, brushing it off as a stomach ulcer or an infection. Stomach cancer is mostly noted among people over the age of 40. However, people above the age of 55 with persistent symptoms that are listed below should visit the doctor immediately.

    According to statistics, stomach cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Although the numbers have decreased in Western countries, it still remains a common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. It is important to get checked if any symptoms of stomach cancer are experienced. If a tumor is found and is malignant, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body.

    Some of the key signals and symptoms of the initial stages of stomach cancer are as follows:

    • Fatigue and weakness
    • Feeling nauseated and sick
    • Heartburn
    • Recurring indigestion
    • Continuous burping
    • Feeling sated with very small quantities of food
    • Stomach feels bloated after a meal because of unreleased gas
    • Swallowing becomes difficult
    • Pain in the stomach above the navel
    • Anemia
    • Loss of weight without any particular diet or exercise regime

    Only 20% of the stomach cancer cases are diagnosed in the initial stages. Most of the symptoms do not appear until the cancer is in advanced stages. If detected early, stomach cancer is curable with surgery and chemotherapy depending on the health and other parameters of the patient

    However, in the advanced stages of stomach cancer, the following symptoms may be experienced:

    • Vomiting with blood
    • Pain in the stomach
    • Black stools indicating the presence of blood

    One of the tests used to diagnose stomach cancer is upper endoscopy through the throat. With the visuals, the doctor is able to see the cells in the lining of the stomach. If the cells look normal, no treatment would be required. However, if the doctor spots any abnormal cells, the tissue cells are removed for biopsies. If the tumor is found to be cancerous or benign, the doctor can devise a specific treatment plan based on the patient’s medical history, health parameters, and the stage of the cancer.

  • Health
    Know about the common symptoms of stomach cancer

    Cancer of the stomach, also known as gastric cancer, occurs when healthy cells in the stomach become abnormal and multiply out of control. It is among the top causes for cancer-related deaths in the country. A tumor may be cancerous or benign. If the tumor in the stomach is cancerous, it is malignant and can spread to other parts of the body.

    Early diagnosis of stomach cancer or gastric cancer is possible with careful observation of recurrent symptoms. Most of the symptoms are non-specific and hence ignored by many, thereby causing a delay in diagnosis. Stomach cancer rarely occurs below the age of 40 and is twice more likely to affect men than women.

    In the initial stages of stomach cancer, the following are some of the most commonly occurring symptoms:

    • Discomfort in the stomach
    • Unexplained fatigue and weakness
    • Frequent indigestion and heartburn
    • Loss of appetite; no inclination to eat or drink despite routine lifestyle
    • Bloated feeling in the stomach; feeling that one has too much gas
    • Loss of interest to eat after a few mouthfuls; despite having a healthy appetite, one is unable to eat and feels full
    • Difficulty to swallow
    • Mild vomiting and nausea
    • Recurrent burping

    The above symptoms of stomach cancer can also indicate a stomach ulcer or viral infection and are often mistaken for conditions that can be cured easily. If one experiences any of the abovementioned symptoms, they should get it checked it with the doctor immediately.

    In the advanced stages of stomach cancer, the following can also occur alongside the abovementioned symptoms:

    • Vomiting, sometimes with blood
    • Black stools indicating the presence of blood
    • Pain in the stomach
    • Loss of weight over a period of time without any diet or exercise

    People who have any or combinations of the above symptoms are advised to visit the doctor without any delay. People who are above the age of 55 with persistent heartburn and/or indigestion should also visit their doctor for a consultation and necessary tests.

    The doctor can order an endoscopy or an endoscopic ultrasound. These are the basic tests that can help diagnose this problem. If abnormal cells are found, a tissue sample is taken during the endoscopy and sent for a biopsy. The treatment is then prescribed on the basis of the stage and the health of the patient suffering from stomach cancer.

  • Health
    Symptoms of tongue cancer you should not ignore

    When cells multiply to a great extent, a growth or tumor is formed; the tumor, when suspected, is then tested, and if it is found to be malignant, it is said to be affected by cancer. Oral cancer is one of the common types of cancer that has affected many citizens across the country. There are different types and stages of tongue cancer. A dentist or doctor can find tongue and oral cavity cancers during physical check-ups. To confirm the findings, tests such as MRI, PET, CT, and other such scans may be prescribed.

    If any of the symptoms of tongue cancer are experienced, one should get it checked without any further delays. Early diagnosis is important as the doctor or specialist will be able to prescribe the right treatment as per the severity of cancer.

    Some of the initial symptoms of tongue cancer are as follows:

    • A persistent sore throat
    • The appearance of red, white, or pinkish patches on the surface of the tongue
    • Difficulty and or pain while chewing or swallowing
    • Pain in the tongue and jaw in older patients with dentures
    • Numbness in the tongue
    • Unable to move the tongue and freely causing speech difficulties
    • Loosening of the teeth or a toothache
    • Chronic bad breath
    • Pain in the ear or jaw

    If one has any one or a combination of the above symptoms of tongue cancer, they should first meet their dentist for a thorough examination of the mouth and neck as they will be able to spot any cancer-related defects. If a growth or tumor is spotted, it will be removed and sent for a biopsy. If found malignant, the patient is referred to a specialist. If tumors are small, it can be removed surgically. However, it will have to be treated with a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. This depends on the stage of cancer.

    People who have a history of extensive use of tobacco products and consumption of alcohol are in the highest risk category for oral and particularly tongue cancer. Like any form of cancer, tongue cancer is also life-threatening. Depending on the severity, the tongue could be removed and reconstructed using plastic surgery. This could lead to distortion of facial features and a loss in normal speaking abilities.

  • Health
    Common symptoms of tongue cancer you should know

    Cancer is an abnormal division of cells in the tissues. Cancer can affect any part of the human body. Out of the several types of cancer, oral cancer ranks 15th of the most common cancers and disease in the world. In 2018, around 49,750 Americans were diagnosed with oral cancer. Men are twice as likely to be affected by oral cancer as compared to women. Many parts of the mouth like tongue, lip, inner cheek, and throat can be affected by cancer. Tobacco and alcohol are among the top two reasons or risk factors that result in oral cancer. Research shows that around 90% of oral cancer cases are due to tobacco and alcohol, while only 10% is due to genetic aberration.

    Tongue cancer occurs mostly in the thin cells that line our tongue; these cells are known as squamous cells. Any form of tobacco consumption such as chewing, smoking pipes or cigarettes, and cigars and excessive use of alcohol can cause tongue cancer. Another significant risk factor of tongue cancer is contracting the HPV virus during sexual activities.

    Most of the early symptoms of tongue cancer are painless and not very obvious. However, the following symptoms could be experienced. If you notice any of these, it would be highly imperative to get checked as early as possible.

    • A red and white patch forms on the surface of the tongue.
    • It is followed by a lump or ulcer on the tongue that does not disappear easily.
    • A sore throat that does not respond to any treatment is also one of the prominent tongue cancer symptoms.
    • Another symptom of tongue cancer is when the sufferer experiences pain while swallowing food or saliva.
    • Unexplained bleeding in the absence of ulcers or accidental biting of the tongue is also a symptom of tongue cancer.
    • Inflamed lymph nodes in the neck are also a prominent symptom so is numbness in the tongue.

    In older patients with dentures, swelling of the jaw can also indicate a cancerous tongue. As the cancer advances, severe and persistent ear pain can be felt.

    The initial stage of tongue cancer is difficult to diagnose. A dentist or doctor may check for early symptoms as well. A screening through PET, CT, or MRI scans could be prescribed to rule out the early symptoms of cancer and to help detect it. Early detection will facilitate proper and timely treatment. A combination of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and drug therapy is done based on the stage of tongue cancer. Depending on the severity of the cancer, the sufferer may have to undergo speech therapy or plastic surgery.